2 Policy Analysis Essays, political science homework help – writinghub.net
* Before you start, I want to communicate that both of my policy analysis essays have been graded by my school. Revision will be needed to improve grade and I’m looking forward to both A’s 🙂
* Make all the changes that are necessary according to what needs to be revised. The instruction for both are below, just because they will be needed, since they are boh based on the essays.
POLICY ANALYSIS #1 INSTRUCTIONS
Follow the specific instructions of data analysis for each question.
There are three questions listed in this assignment. The highest possible score for
completing this assignment is 100, 30 points for each question, and 10 points for writing
and presentation style.
Write your discussion in a concise and precise way. Your discussion should be supported
by the data analysis and empirical findings.
For each question, you are required to generate tables and figures. Tables and figures
should be self-contained.
o Each table and figure should have a title.o Each table and figure should have a footnote for data sources.o If you need to present multiple lines or bars in a figure, the layout for lines and bars should be differentiable.o Axes should go with self-contained titles.o Use legends and labels if they help to clarify your figures.
QUESTION #1: In Chapter 2, Kettl presents a comparative figure (Figure 2.4), ranking government outlays as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). What would the comparison look like if we take a further step to evaluate government outlays based on different spending categories? Finish the following data analysis and provide a short write-up on what you find.
(1) Go to the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) database, http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx. Check the category, “Health”. You can find data on health expenditures and financing for OECD countries. Generate a similar figure to Figure 2.4 based on total health spending (as a percentage of GDP) in 2012. Where does the U.S. stand in this cross-country comparison based on total health spending? Discuss what you find. (10 points)
(2) Now, analyze the health expenditure that is only financed by government. How does the cross-country comparison look if you only compare government health expenditure? Discuss what you find. (10 points)
(3) Repeat step (2), but assess the finance agent, “private sector”. Do you find different cross-country comparison based on (2) and (3)? Discuss what you find. (10 points)
Government employment is one of the empirical measures to evaluate government size. The size of government employment, moreover, varies substantially across states. The U.S. Census Bureau produces annual national data books, from which we can find data on government employment in each state.
Then, check the category, “State Government Employment and Payroll Data”. Find out, in your home state, what was the total state government full-time equivalent employment in 2012? Make a state-ranking figure based on total state & local government employment (similar to Figure 2.3 in Kettl) and discuss where your home state stands in the cross-state comparison. (10 points)
Kettl mentions in Chapter 2 that much governmental activity occurs between levels of government. Inter-governmental grants have been used widely to aid state and local governments. Moreover, state government revenues and expenditures vary substantially by functions. Check out the U.S. Census Bureau “Government Finance Statistics”,
POLICY ANALYSIS 2 INSTRUCTIONS
Follow the specific instructions of data analysis for each question.
There are two questions listed in this assignment. The highest possible score for
completing this assignment is 100, 45 points for each question, and 10 points for
writing and presentation style.
Write your discussion in a concise and precise way. Your discussion should be
supported by the data analysis and empirical findings.
For each question, you are required to generate tables and figures. Tables and
figures should be self-contained.o Each table and figure should have a title.o Each table and figure should have a footnote for data sources.o If you need to present multiple lines or bars in a figure, the layout for lines and bars should be differentiable.o Axes should go with self-contained titles.o Use legends and labels if they help to clarify your figures.
QUESTION #1: In previous lectures, we discussed that descriptive representation can be evaluated based on different social identities. For example, Kettl illustrates minority representation in the federal civilian workforce based on a comparison between the percentages of minority and non-minority federal employees. Use the 2009 Government Workforce Statistics (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, EEOC) to complete the following analyses. http://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/statistics/employment/jobpat-eeo4/2009/index.cfm
(1) Choose the category “Aggregated by Government Type—Type: 3 City”. You could find three tables, “Total Full Time Employment”, “Total Part-Time Employment”, and “Total New Hire Employment”. Use the data in the first table, “Total Full Time Employment”, to generate a similar figure (i.e. a pie chart) as Figure 8.3 (Kettl, page 245). In this figure, you should only use the data based on total full- time employment. Also, make sure to present information for each race group (i.e. White, African American, Hispanic, Asian, Native American). (10 points)
(2) Compare the figure generated in 1-(1) to Figure 8.3 (Kettl, p.245), do you find a different pattern of minority representation among civilian public employees in city governments? (5 points)
(3) Repeat the analysis in (1) (i.e. generate another figure similar to Figure 8.3) by using the data on total part-time employment. Discuss the pattern of minority representation among part-time employees in city governments. (10 points)
(4) What is the pattern of minority representation among newly hired public employees in city governments? Use relevant data in the third table “Total New Hire Employment” to generate a third figure similar to Figure 8.3, and briefly discuss what you find. (10 points)
(5) Compare the three figures you produced in (1), (3), and (4). How does minority representation in city governments vary across employment types (i.e. full-time, part- time and new hire employment)? Discuss what you find for each race. (10 points)
QUESTION #2: Kettl contends, “Doing the public’s work—and doing it well—requires finding, recruiting, and retaining good people (p.231).” Do you know that, despite salaries and position-classifications, government employees’ perceptions on their own organizations also matter for retaining talented people? The Best Places to Work rankings provide most in-depth analysis of employee satisfaction. It could be a valuable information-source for people who are interested in seeking a federal job. Go to the homepage of “Best Places to Work in the Federal Government”, http://bestplacestowork.org/ and read the background information by clicking “About Best Places to Work”. In the following part of the assignment, you will explore how federal employees rate federal agencies.
(1) Find the data for the 2015 Overall Index Scores. List the top 3 large agencies with the highest overall index scores in 2015. List the top 3 small agencies with the highest overall index scores in 2015. Which large agency made the greatest improvement from 2014 to 2015? Which small agency made the greatest improvement from 2014 to 2015? (10 points)
(2) Choose one agency from the following list and make a table for its 2015 rating scores based on all specific categories (including 10 major categories and 4 sub- categories under “Effective Leadership”). (5 points)
Department of Veterans Affairs
Department of State
Department of the Treasury
Department of Transportation
Department of Labor
Department of Education
Department of Homeland Security
Department of Health and Human Services
Department of Energy
Department of Justice
Department of Agriculture
(3) Based on the category-specific index scores you analyzed in 3-(2), which categories would make the selected agency a good place to work? Which aspects do you think the agency needs to be improved on? (5 points)
(4) Use the same agency you chose in 3-(2), and make a table by comparing how female and male federal employees evaluate this agency. (5 points) Do you find any similarity (or dissimilarity) based on gender? Which group’s rating do you trust more, men or women? Why? (5 points)
(5) Use the same agency you chose in 3-(2), and make a table by comparing how different race groups rate the agency. (5 points). Do you find any similarity (or dissimilarity across the 6 race/ethnicity groups)? (5 points). Then, make a table by comparing how this agency is rated based on teamwork, support for diversity, and fairness (this is a sub-category under Effective Leadership). Discuss what you find. (5 points)