2 Policy Analysis Essays, political science homework help – writinghub.net

* Before you start, I want to communicate that both of my policy analysis essays have been graded by my school. Revision will be needed to improve grade and I’m looking forward to both A’s 🙂 

* Make all the changes that are necessary according to what needs to be revised. The instruction for both are below, just because they will be needed, since they are boh based on the essays. 







POLICY ANALYSIS #1 INSTRUCTIONS 

  •   Follow the specific instructions of data analysis for each question.

  •   There are three questions listed in this assignment. The highest possible score for

    completing this assignment is 100, 30 points for each question, and 10 points for writing

    and presentation style.

  •   Write your discussion in a concise and precise way. Your discussion should be supported

    by the data analysis and empirical findings.

  •   For each question, you are required to generate tables and figures. Tables and figures

    should be self-contained.

o Each table and figure should have a title.o Each table and figure should have a footnote for data sources.o If you need to present multiple lines or bars in a figure, the layout for lines and bars should be differentiable.o Axes should go with self-contained titles.o Use legends and labels if they help to clarify your figures.


QUESTION #1: In Chapter 2, Kettl presents a comparative figure (Figure 2.4), ranking government outlays as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). What would the comparison look like if we take a further step to evaluate government outlays based on different spending categories? Finish the following data analysis and provide a short write-up on what you find.

(1)  Go to the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) database, http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx. Check the category, “Health”. You can find data on health expenditures and financing for OECD countries. Generate a similar figure to Figure 2.4 based on total health spending (as a percentage of GDP) in 2012. Where does the U.S. stand in this cross-country comparison based on total health spending? Discuss what you find. (10 points)

(2)  Now, analyze the health expenditure that is only financed by government. How does the cross-country comparison look if you only compare government health expenditure? Discuss what you find. (10 points)

(3)  Repeat step (2), but assess the finance agent, “private sector”. Do you find different cross-country comparison based on (2) and (3)? Discuss what you find. (10 points)


QUESTION #
2.
  
Government employment is one of the empirical measures to evaluate government size. The size of government employment, moreover, varies substantially across states. The U.S. Census Bureau produces annual national data books, from which we can find data on government employment in each state.

(1) Go to the 2012 U.S. Census Bureau “State Government Employment and Payroll” Data,
http://www.census.gov/govs/apes/historical_data_2012.html.
Then, check the category, “State Government Employment and Payroll Data”. Find out, in your home state, what was the total state government full-time equivalent employment in 2012? Make a state-ranking figure based on total state & local government employment (similar to Figure 2.3 in Kettl) and discuss where your home state stands in the cross-state comparison. (10 points)
(2) List all the neighboring states of your home state and list the total state and full- time employment in 2012 in these neighboring states. Make a table of the comparative statistics. Discuss how your home state compares to its neighboring states. Why do they have different sizes of full-time government employment? (10 points)
(3) Now, take a further look at the profile of your home state’s full time-employment (i.e. full-time employment by functions). In which functions do you observe large numbers of full time employment in your home state (report the top 5 functions)? Repeat this step for all the neighboring states and produce a table to compare their government employment profiles to that in your home state.(10 points)
QUESTION #3: 
Kettl mentions in Chapter 2 that much governmental activity occurs between levels of government. Inter-governmental grants have been used widely to aid state and local governments. Moreover, state government revenues and expenditures vary substantially by functions. Check out the U.S. Census Bureau “Government Finance Statistics”,
http://www.census.gov/govs/financegen/index.html.
(1)  Analyze inter-government revenue in California and Texas in 2013. What are the major sources of inter-government revenue in these two states (i.e. from federal, state and local level). In these two states, how did the inter-governmental revenue compare to the general revenue from states’ own sources in 2013? Which state relies more on inter-governmental revenue? Discuss what you find.(10 Points)
(2)  Now, turn to the expenditure category, “Governmental Administration”, analyze and discuss how these two states compare with each other based on their 2013 expenditures on governmental administration? Which states spent more on governmental administration in 2013? Why? (10 Points). Find out the population size of these two states in 2013, then covert total governmental administration expenditures into per capita expenditures. Would you draw the same comparison between CA and Texas based on per capita expenditure on governmental administration?
(3)  Reconsider the total expenditures and expenditures by functions in California and Texas in 2013. Compare what administrative function(s) drove these two states’ expenditures on governmental administration. Discuss what you find (5 points). 

POLICY ANALYSIS 2 INSTRUCTIONS


  •   Follow the specific instructions of data analysis for each question.

  •   There are two questions listed in this assignment. The highest possible score for

    completing this assignment is 100, 45 points for each question, and 10 points for

    writing and presentation style.

  •   Write your discussion in a concise and precise way. Your discussion should be

    supported by the data analysis and empirical findings.

  •   For each question, you are required to generate tables and figures. Tables and

figures should be self-contained.o Each table and figure should have a title.o Each table and figure should have a footnote for data sources.o If you need to present multiple lines or bars in a figure, the layout for lines and bars should be differentiable.o Axes should go with self-contained titles.o Use legends and labels if they help to clarify your figures.

QUESTION #1: In previous lectures, we discussed that descriptive representation can be evaluated based on different social identities. For example, Kettl illustrates minority representation in the federal civilian workforce based on a comparison between the percentages of minority and non-minority federal employees. Use the 2009 Government Workforce Statistics (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, EEOC) to complete the following analyses. http://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/statistics/employment/jobpat-eeo4/2009/index.cfm

(1) Choose the category “Aggregated by Government Type—Type: 3 City”. You could find three tables, “Total Full Time Employment”, “Total Part-Time Employment”, and “Total New Hire Employment”. Use the data in the first table, “Total Full Time Employment”, to generate a similar figure (i.e. a pie chart) as Figure 8.3 (Kettl, page 245). In this figure, you should only use the data based on total full- time employment. Also, make sure to present information for each race group (i.e. White, African American, Hispanic, Asian, Native American). (10 points)

(2) Compare the figure generated in 1-(1) to Figure 8.3 (Kettl, p.245), do you find a different pattern of minority representation among civilian public employees in city governments? (5 points)

(3) Repeat the analysis in (1) (i.e. generate another figure similar to Figure 8.3) by using the data on total part-time employment. Discuss the pattern of minority representation among part-time employees in city governments. (10 points)

(4) What is the pattern of minority representation among newly hired public employees in city governments? Use relevant data in the third table “Total New Hire Employment” to generate a third figure similar to Figure 8.3, and briefly discuss what you find. (10 points)

(5) Compare the three figures you produced in (1), (3), and (4). How does minority representation in city governments vary across employment types (i.e. full-time, part- time and new hire employment)? Discuss what you find for each race. (10 points)

QUESTION #2: Kettl contends, “Doing the public’s work—and doing it well—requires finding, recruiting, and retaining good people (p.231).” Do you know that, despite salaries and position-classifications, government employees’ perceptions on their own organizations also matter for retaining talented people? The Best Places to Work rankings provide most in-depth analysis of employee satisfaction. It could be a valuable information-source for people who are interested in seeking a federal job. Go to the homepage of “Best Places to Work in the Federal Government”, http://bestplacestowork.org/ and read the background information by clicking “About Best Places to Work”. In the following part of the assignment, you will explore how federal employees rate federal agencies.

(1) Find the data for the 2015 Overall Index Scores. List the top 3 large agencies with the highest overall index scores in 2015. List the top 3 small agencies with the highest overall index scores in 2015. Which large agency made the greatest improvement from 2014 to 2015? Which small agency made the greatest improvement from 2014 to 2015? (10 points)

(2) Choose one agency from the following list and make a table for its 2015 rating scores based on all specific categories (including 10 major categories and 4 sub- categories under “Effective Leadership”). (5 points)

  •   Department of Veterans Affairs

  •   Department of State

  •   Department of the Treasury

  •   Department of Transportation

  •   Department of Labor

  •   Department of Education

  •   Department of Homeland Security

  •   Department of Health and Human Services

  •   Department of Energy

  •   Department of Justice

  •   Department of Agriculture

    (3) Based on the category-specific index scores you analyzed in 3-(2), which categories would make the selected agency a good place to work? Which aspects do you think the agency needs to be improved on? (5 points)


    (4) Use the same agency you chose in 3-(2), and make a table by comparing how female and male federal employees evaluate this agency. (5 points) Do you find any 
    similarity (or dissimilarity) based on gender? Which group’s rating do you trust more, men or women? Why? (5 points) 

(5) Use the same agency you chose in 3-(2), and make a table by comparing how different race groups rate the agency. (5 points). Do you find any similarity (or dissimilarity across the 6 race/ethnicity groups)? (5 points). Then, make a table by comparing how this agency is rated based on teamwork, support for diversity, and fairness (this is a sub-category under Effective Leadership). Discuss what you find. (5 points)

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