§ What was the purpose of the study?
§ List any objectives, questions or hypotheses.
§ What are the independent and dependent variables contained within the study?
§ Does the hypothesis or research question flow logically from the framework of the article?
Lit Review and Ethics
§ Does the content of the literature review relate directly to the research problem?
§ Was the study approved by the appropriate IRB or similar ethics review committee?
§ Did the study identify the risks/benefits of the study?
§ If the study did not provide the risks/benefits, what might they be?
§ Were appropriate informed consent procedures used with all participants?
§ Is the research design appropriate for the problem being studied?
§ How were confounding variables controlled?
§ Are the sampling inclusion and exclusion criteria described?
· Were younger than 49 and exercise regularly
§ What is the sample size?
§ Was a power analysis done to indicate the number needed to be in the study to demonstrate statistical significance?
§ What categories of data collection methods were used? (self-report, scales, observational, biophysiological)
§ Identify the specific instrument(s) used to measure the dependent variable(s)?
§ What is the reliability of the data collection methods used? Discuss each measure of the dependent variable(s).
§ How were the data analyzed? (What statistical tests were used)
§ What type of data was analyzed? (nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio, etc.)
§ Are the analyses interpreted correctly?
§ What were the findings?
§ Were the findings significant?
Interpretation, Discussion (Evaluation)
§ What are the study limitations?
§ How do the results fit with previous research in the area?
§ What is the overall quality of the study when the strengths and weaknesses are summarized?
§ What does the research mean for clinical practice?